Voting by Mail in Hays County

Do you want to avoid voting in person if possible? Perhaps you are not afraid for yourself, but you suspect that the COVID precautions and record turnout will slow things down. You don’t want to wait for hours and contribute to other people’s waiting time. You also know that Hays County is expecting a record number of mail ballots this fall. Like good citizens everywhere, you are concerned about what is happening to the United States Post Office and how it might affect voting by mail. Now that we have all that established, it is time to act. Review the following steps to vote by mail and get going on steps 1 through 3 right away.

Step 1: Check your voter registration

Do this even if you plan to vote in person. Go to the Secretary of State’s Am I Registered? form by clicking here. Verify that your Voter Status is ACTIVE. Make sure that your voting address is correct, and click “Change your Address” if it is not. Your address will determine which down-ballot positions you get to vote on. Do this soon – it takes time for these changes to be applied.

Have you moved within Hays County? Even if you do not change your address online, the information on your application for a mail ballot supersedes the information in your current registration. If the address is different, you will receive a Statement of Residence along with the mail ballot. You must sign and send the Statement of Residence back with your voted ballot in order for the ballot to count. This also updates your voter registration information.

If this tool does not show that you have an active registration (and you are sure you registered), contact the Hays County Elections Office at [email protected] or 512-393-7310. If you plan to vote in person, check this again before you go to vote. The lists will not be purged between now and the election, but mistakes could happen.

Step 2: Decide if you are eligible

Here are the easy criteria. You may vote by mail if you:

  • are age 65 or over on Election Day (November 3rd);
  • are confined in jail (unless serving a sentence for a felony conviction); or
  • will be outside of Hays County during Early Voting AND Election Day.

Here is a controversial fourth one, as stated in the Texas Election Code (emphasis added):

  • A qualified voter is eligible for early voting by mail if the voter has a sickness or physical condition that prevents the voter from appearing at the polling place on election day without a likelihood of needing personal assistance or of injuring the voter's health.

Are you under 65 but have a physical condition that puts you at high risk from some aspect of in-person voting? It’s your decision. You do not need to provide any sort of additional information – in fact, there is no place for it on the application. The Texas Civil Rights Project has an excellent discussion of this issue. See it by clicking here.

Step 3: Apply for a mail ballot

Do you currently reside outside of the United States? This section does not apply to you. You need a “Federal Post Card Application," which can be found here.

The Elections Office will start sending mail ballots out on September 18th. I won’t even tell you what the deadline to apply is – apply now and you won’t have to worry about Post Office delays.


(OK, the deadline is October 24th. Your application has to be received by then. You are really taking a chance if you wait anywhere near that long.)

You will not receive a mail ballot unless you have applied in 2020 and either checked “Annual Application” or “November Election.” You will not automatically receive a mail ballot because you have previously voted by mail or because you checked “Annual Application” in a previous year’s application.


You can download a mail ballot application from the Elections Office website by clicking here. If you will be 65 or older on Election Day, there is a good chance that a political organization is sending a mail ballot application to you. If it is pre-filled, make sure you understand the options that they selected.


Since the “Annual Application” option only affects the current calendar year and this will be the last election of the year, just check "November Election" in section 6.

Going on vacation soon? Think twice before submitting a temporary change of address to the Post Office. Mail ballots will not be forwarded.

Will you be out of the county for the entire voting period? If you check “absence from the county” on your application, the Elections Office cannot mail the ballot to an in-county address. If you will not able to receive mail at your out-of-county address in a timely fashion, you have a problem.

If you are over 65 or over and have plenty of time before you leave, use that option and get the ballot mailed to your Hays County home. Otherwise, the Elections Office suggests that you have it mailed to an out-of-county relative. This is a well-known problem in the Texas Elections Code. It is frequently brought up to the Legislature, but they haven’t fixed it yet.

Still have questions? Contact the Elections Office at [email protected] or 512-393-7310.

We suggest you make a copy of your application. If there is an issue, it might be helpful to know exactly how it was filled out.

Don’t forget the postage on the application (55 cents, or one Forever stamp). You have to mail or hand-deliver this form even if you have already faxed or emailed it. And since you are doing this right away, there is no reason to use fax or email, right?


If your application is rejected, the County is obliged to “deliver written notice of the reason for the rejection to the applicant at both the residence address and mailing address on the application” (per the Texas Election Code).

Step 4: Fill out and return your ballot

Do this as soon as you are ready. If you want to wait and learn more about the candidates, keep your ballot somewhere safe but where you see it from time to time. But don’t wait too long! Avoid the Post Office crunch and give the Elections Office the maximum amount of time to process your vote. The first processing steps begin on October 14th – try to get your ballot in by then.


The most common reason for rejected ballots is failure to sign the back in the proper place. Your signature must cross over the edge of the flap. Don’t worry if your signature has changed since you registered to vote many years ago. Your signature will be compared to the most recent one they have on file. Hays County tries hard to validate your signature, and rejections are very uncommon (just 4 rejections out of 7,039 mail ballots in the November 2018 election).


We suggest you make a copy of the mailing envelope. If there is an issue, it might be helpful to know exactly how it was filled out. We don’t see any reason to copy the ballot itself.


The ballot is bigger than a letter, but the postage is still 55 cents, or one Forever stamp. If for some reason the postage requirement would stop you from voting and you can’t deliver your ballot in person, drop it in the mail anyway. In the past, the Post Office has delivered ballots without postage. But don’t rely on this unless you are truly desperate.


You can return your ballot in person at the Elections Office in the Hays County Government Center [directions]. You must return your own ballot (and no others), and you will have to present identification. There are no plans for other drop-off locations in Hays County.

Have you applied for a mail ballot but changed your mind? Do NOT destroy your mail ballot! Bring your ballot and return envelope to the polls. If you turn them in, you can vote in person without drama. If you do not surrender that ballot at the polls, you will have to sign an affidavit and cast a Provisional Ballot. This ties up an election judge and may delay other voters.

Step 5: Check that your ballot was processed

The Elections Office posts a “mail ballot received” spreadsheet on their website every day during the voting period and a final one a few days after Election Day. This is the best way to see if your mail ballot was processed.

If you have returned your mail ballot, do NOT attempt to vote in person. This is not a good way to see if your mail ballot was processed – it is a felony.